Meaning of Tae Kwon Do
History of Tae Kwon Do
The technique of taekwondo were originally developed for military combat. About 1300 years ago, the Korean peninsula was divided into three kingdoms: Silla, Baek Je, and Koguryo. Silla was the smallest and constantly under attack by its two northern western neighbors. The king of Silla called upon the strong and patriotic youths throughout the country and they formed a strong organization called the Hwa-Rang Do. To harden their bodies they climbed rugged mountains, swam turbulent rivers in the coldest months, and worked very hard to prepare themselves to defend their homeland. The Hwa-rang do guided themselves by a five-point code of conduct:
Be loyal to your king
Be obedient to your parents
Be honorable to your friends
Never retreat in battle
Make a just kill
The Hwa-Rang Do defended themselves by using postures resembling Taek Kyon and Jujitsu techniques. They had a strong desire for patriotism and became an elite fighting warrior corp. as they gained respect from their enemies. The Hwa-Rang Do unified the three kingdoms of Korea and the martial arts flourished. Soon after Korea was united, the dynasty acquired an anti-military posture. This began a period of civil enlightenments, and anything dealing with the military was debased. The final blow dcame with the Japanese occupation (1909 - 1945) when it was forbidden to practice any martial arts. Taek Kyon was secretly practiced and passed on to a handful of students.
In 1945 Korea was liberated and young second lieutenant, Choi Hong Hi, recently released from Japanese prison camp taught his martial arts to some students.
In 1955 this art was given the name of Tae Kwon Do by a board of instructors, historians, and prominent leaders, including General Choi Hong Hi. The original International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) was founded on March 22, 1966, by General Choi Hong Hi in Seoul, South Korea. Taekwondo made its first appearance as a demonstration sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul and became a full medal sport at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia.